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Calligraphy is a Latin word, which we know as “Khoshnevisi” in Farsi. But there are some differences between calligraphy and Khoshnevisi in terms of format and style. Unlike Khoshnevisi calligraphy can be executed by calligraphy pen or any other writing or painting tools, and it is focusing on aesthetic rules of writing whether classical or free style.

One of the usage form of calligraphy as conceptual art is in graphic design field such as poster design, logo design or logotype design. Or, calligraphy can be used generally as a decorative art that bends toward painting with different forms of texts. Unified writing by paying attention to the shape of characters and using proper tools and style are the fundamental and technical keys to this art while you let your hands and mind go freely.


Being familiar with different Iranian-Islamic writing styles with understanding the values of hidden forms and shapes in each one.

Understanding the foundations of colors and composition.

Having experience in traditional Farsi calligraphy.

Being creative and know how to use tools.

These are the basics and foundation of calligraphy art.

1- By pass all registered images in your mind and prevent repetition, also to find a different and creative direction, first you must pass these 4 steps.

  • The depletion of all has occupied your mind on a piece of paper.
  • Study and review 10 calligraphy’s fundamentals.
  • Visual study of “Cete”, “Kufi” and “Iranian” calligraphy.
  • Practicing, copying and simulating of those three styles that mentioned in above line.

(Haji Mohammadi – February 2017)


2- Privacy and solitude is a perfect condition for an artist to:

  • Brainstorm ideas
  • Concentrate and contemplate on projects
  • Finding proper solutions
  • Increase self confidence
  • Create motivation and enthusiasm
  • Discover unknown paths and directions
  • Receive special or spiritual inspirations…

(Haji Mohammadi – January 2017)


3- The special capabilities that exist in Farsi typography in terms of structure and the shape of characters compare to Latin’s can lead us to interesting results by understanding and dominant its benefits.

  • Numerous baselines and combinations
  • Letters’ conjunctions and continuous compounds
  • Stretches

(Haji Mohammadi – November 2016)


4- The difficult moment of creating an improvised piece is the coordination of mind and feeling.

(Haji Mohammadi – October. 2016)


5- Review and copying from old time experts’ portfolios such as “Mirza Gholamreza” and “Mir Hossein” will be strengthening five abilities during improvisation:

  • Daring and detaching during the writing.
  • Releasing from readability and increasing the visual perception of letters and words.
  • Understanding the engineering of integration and discover unconventional spaces.
  • Increasing the concentration level.
  • Gaining a sense of freedom and activating creative abilities.

(Haji Mohammadi – September 2016)


6- Perfect writing is the result of skill and different writing is the result of courage.

(Haji Mohammadi – August 2016)


7- Ability in writing is the sign of skills, and innovation in it will be sign of courage.

(Haji Mohammadi – August 2016)



8- In improvisation, the artist knows:

–    Where he/she goes but doesn’t know how.

–    Knows how to start but doesn’t know how it will end.

–    Knows what tool is going to start with but doesn’t know what tool is going to finish with.

–    And always under circumstances a masterpiece will come to life.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)



9- The peak of improvised writing is the moment of “freedom”, the time that; thought, feeling and experience drive and control you.

(Haji Mohammadi – August 2016)


10- Dare and courage play major roles in creating a beautiful and innovative artwork. Dare and courage mean:

  • Having experience with color and writing tools
  • Having enthusiasm and passion during work
  • Do not stop while you are working
  • Neither calculate nor mental arrangement
  • No fear and anxiety of failure
  • Availability of various tools and materials
  • Continue working, just when you decided the job is done

(Haji Mohammadi – August 2016)



11- In Calligraphy and typography, understanding and controlling the geometric forms, the meaning and flexibility of Farsi words and letters in Persian-Islamic typescripts and even software fonts, all are playing a major role when an artist tries to create a powerful and effective artwork.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)



12- Without scientific and experimental support, or going through study and practice don’t expect yourself to create something that others have gone through hardship and competency to create one.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)



13- Releasing from readability and the meaning of words during practicing is the first big step to achieve abstraction.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)



14- Knowing is one thing and understanding is something else.

Understanding is one thing and doing it is something else.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)



15- In improvised writing, thought moves beyond thinking faster than a calculative mind, meaning all calculations that born on a page in fraction of a second would be the result of experience and intensive knowledge along with power of mind and profound feeling.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)



16- In improvised writing, the artist captures words and letters by his mind and feeling. His mind moves toward unknowns and his hand towards what he knows, writes with unimaginable tools and doesn’t feel it is enough. He doesn’t think about the end neither stops in the process. He frees from musts and only cares about what let him free.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)



17- Going beyond knowledge and experiences is one of the toughest levels in terms of entering to improvised writing and creating an innovative artwork.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)


18- Taking orders from calculative mind by hand create controlled and regulated artworks, follow by bunch of rules and experience, which learnt in the past. Realistic and content-oriented artworks are among these kinds of pieces but obeying hands from extreme forces (sense and imagination), creates predetermined artworks without rules and discipline, which will be taking advantage from a bunch of laws and experience but doesn’t follow them. Abstract artworks fit within this category.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)


19- Teaching calligraphy:

The ten key factors that most art students don’t take seriously, whereas all these factors are playing important role in a proper and fast learning process:

  1. Attention to instructor’s posture.
  2. Attention to the position of paper in front of instructor.
  3. Attention to what that instructor looks at and the way he moves drawing tool.
  4. Attention to number of times that calligraphy tool touches the paper, the speed and the pressure of quill in the ink by focusing on the shape and form of the letters.
  5. Attention to the style and the angle of the tools that instructor is holding and the way his hand approach the paper.
  6. Attention to movement of fingers, wrist and scapular of instructor and movement of his hand across the paper while drawing various words and letters.
  7. Asking simple questions even if they seem not very important, this will trigger the expression of useful and important points by instructor.
  8. Listening to after class key points that might bring up interesting points out of different subjects.
  9. Taking notes or recording instructor’s comments while talking about other student’s projects.
  10. Understanding the position of student vs instructor, this would smooth up the path of this long and hard journey.

(Haji Mohammadi – June 2016)


20- Creative art is not breaking rules and traditions, instead is understanding the everlasting resources, it is moving forward by relying on our ancestors’ experience and their imagination ability in his own time.

Those who challenges ancestors’ artworks they only express their premature knowledge or providing an imitation of foreign art blindly.

(Haji Mohammadi – June 2016)



21- Typography, it has to be firm outside which is the result of “principles” and penetrating inside which is the result of “intimacy and dignity”.

(Haji Mohammadi – June 2016)



22- … in old time, the usage of any typography based on physical structure and its prefund meaning have used for specific purpose, for example; in Quran different sort typefaces have been used for headlines, body text and margins, at the end of Qurans also (date and signature) is written by “Toghi” or “Reghae”* more often *(these are two of several Arabic typeface styles).


Was this choice, only an accident or blind imitation? Or as mentioned before it’s been supported by functional reasons and aesthetic background?

Maybe the answer to this questions based on the formic structure of each typeface helps today generation to choose different typefaces to create a manuscript or a piece, inscription or decorative, improvisation or outdoor graphic, typography or calligraphy, etc.

(Haji Mohammadi – June 2016)

23- Skill is result of experience

       Experience is result of effort

       Effort is result of motivation

       Motivation is result of having goal(s)

…… then move forward with a goal.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)



24- Easy writing obtained by hard work and distinguished writing obtained by seeing well.

(Haji Mohammadi – July 2016)

25- Improvisation is spontaneous not a fetch. Of course, the kind of spontaneous with skill and venture.

(Haji Mohammadi – March 2016)

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